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In: Mediatization of Communication. Berlin/Boston : Mouton de Gruyter, 2014. 483-504.
Popular culture is often understood as being linked to mass media and therefore also implicated in the idea of mediatization. Here this is discussed in four main steps. (1) First, key problems in the concept of mediatization are illuminated, with popular culture as a testing ground: if there is always such a mediatization process going on; when (in which periods) this process is particularly intense and how it develops over time (gradually or in leaps); where (in which world regions) it can be located; how it has any effects (if it follows a relatively fixed logic or is more diffuse); and what it affects in terms of societal spheres and levels of practice. (2) Second, four main dimensions of the concept of culture are distinguished – cultivation, life forms, aesthetics, and signifying practice – all of which are found relevant to mediatization. As media are cultural technologies of communication, there is a close link between mediatization and culturalization. (3) Third, popular culture is similarly divided into four main meanings, defining it as mass culture, people’s culture, low culture, or illegitimized culture. (4) On this basis, examples illustrate how mediatization processes affect popular culture through four main phases, each linked to a new demarcation of popular culture itself: graphic mediatization of common culture, print mediatization of low culture, audiovisual mediatization of media culture, and digital mediatization of what again is becoming a more or less indistinguishable common culture. Popular culture frequently appears to be one of the most media-saturated spheres or fields of modern societies. It is sometimes even identified with media culture, for instance when contrasted with fine arts and folk handicrafts, and defined through its reliance on mass mediated texts disseminated by cultural industries to dispersed polymorphous audiences all over the globe. This closeness between popular culture and media processes poses a challenge for any effort to more precisely scrutinize whether there is any escalating increase in this kind of media presence, which would deserve to be labeled mediatization. In order to bring some clarity to this slightly paradoxical situation, it is helpful to first make some conceptual groundwork. This chapter will first analyze how the concepts of media and mediatization relate to culture and culturalization. Then, a similar discussion follows of popular culture, leading up to an effort to draft a provisional sketch of key steps in the mediatization history of popular culture. This will finally also make it possible to return to the initial definition of mediatization and reconsider its very basis.
In: Business Strategy and Organizational Behaviour. Singapore : GSTF.
In: Critique of Cosmopolitan Reason. Oxford : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014. 3-34.
The Concept of Transition in Transition - Comparing the Post-Communist Use of the Concept of Transition with that found in Soviet IdeologyMer info
Baltic Worlds 2014, 7 (1): 29-41.
The postcommunist concept of transition, as it was in use during the 1990s and early 2000s, is analyzed from the viewpoint of its intellectual prehistory. The concept is partly contrasted with alternative notions, partly relocated to its antithesis of communist ideology, where “transition” actually was an established concept. Via Hegel and Lenin, the concept’s logic of asymmetry and negativity is theoretically demonstrated. One thesis is that radical versions of teleological postcommunist transitology have unconsciously reproduced an essentially communistconceptualization of change that may generate new ideological biases and misconceptions. The reconstruction of the dialectics between communist and postcommunisttransitology indicates and responds to a need for historical reflexivity.
Oxford : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014.
Since the Enlightenment, the definition of terms such as humanity, citizenship and rights has fluctuated and these ideas continue to haverelevance for contemporary discussions of globalization from a «cosmopolitan» perspective. This volume goes back to the conception ofcosmopolitanism in Greek antiquity in order to trace it through history, resulting in an unmasking of its many myths. The concept is reconstructedwith reference not only to well-known (and some lesser known) historical thinkers of cosmopolitanism, but also to noted «anti-cosmopolitans».The first aim of the book is to display historical perspectives on a discourse which has been dominated by ahistorical presumptions. Thesecond is to critically explore alternative paths beyond the Western imagination, redefining the Enlightenment legacy and the centre-peripherydichotomy. Most notably, Eastern Europe and the Arab world are integrated within the analysis of cosmopolitanism. Within a framework ofconceptual history (Begriffsgeschichte), cosmopolitan reason is criticized from the viewpoints of comparative literature, psychoanalysis,phenomenology, postcolonialism and moral philosophy.The book’s critical approach is an attempt to come to terms with the anachronism, essentialism, ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism thatsometimes underlie contemporary theoretical and methodological uses of the term «cosmopolitanism». By adding historical and contextualdepth to the problem of cosmopolitanism, a reflexive corrective is presented to enhance ongoing discussions of this topic within as well asoutside academia.
In: Public Sector Information - Open Data - What is fair : Free Access or Fees?. Wien : Facultas, 2014. 53-63.
Lund : Studentlitteratur, 2014.
Finanskriser i sverige Den 15 september 2008 tvingades Lehman Brothers ställa in sina betalningar, vilket startade den mest omfattande internationella finansiella krisen sedan depressionen på 1930-talet. Krisens orsaker, bankernas agerade och statens roll i det finansiella systemet har diskuterats livligt. Men finansiella kriser är inte unika för vår tid utan har varit en del av ekonomins utveckling under de senaste århundradena. Denna bok fokuserar främst på de finansiella kriser som drabbat Sverige under de senaste 150 åren, det vill säga sedan landet började industrialiseras och den ekonomiska tillväxten ta fart. Finansiella kriser har ofta inträffat i samband med perioder med snabb tillväxt och ändrade förutsättningar för näringsliv och finansmarknad. I framställningen analyseras krisernas bakgrundsfaktorer, utveckling hur kriserna har lösts och framför allt vilken roll staten har spelat i denna process. Interaktionen mellan stat, marknad och aktörer har varit viktiga för framväxten men även för att lösa finansiella kriser. Boken ger en överblick över svenska finanskrisers drivkrafter, utveckling, räddningsaktioner och konsekvenser.
Milan, Italy : Mimesis Edizioni, 2014.
Alla fine della seconda guerra mondiale, Stalin riuscì a forgiare i regimi comunisti dell’Europa orientale ad immagine e somiglianza dell’Unione Sovietica. Dopo dieci anni di duro stalinismo sovietico, con i cambiamenti introdotti dal XX Congresso del PCUS, le dirigenze di questi partiti comunisti rischiavano di essere rovesciate dalle altre fazioni interne. In Romania, dal 1956, il segretario generale Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej convertì il regime in un sistema guidato da romeni, mantenendo la sua struttura stalinista. La ricetta romena per prevenire il cambiamento prevedeva il recupero degli intellettuali e dell’élite nazionale precedentemente ostracizzata. Pur definendosi comunista, il regime usò sempre più il nazionalismo per la creazione del consenso interno in funzione anti-sovietica. nicolae Ceauşescu, giunto al potere nel 1965, continuò e portò all’esasperazione questa strategia, ampliando a dismisura la macchina della propaganda, che inondava incessantemente la vita quotidiana dei romeni. In particolare, fu il discorso sulla storia nazionale ad essere strumentalizzato, falsificato, piegato a mere esigenze politiche, e declinato in ogni tipo di prodotto culturale, tanto nei testi universitari quanto nella letteratura e nelle arti. Questo libro racconta la storia di come la cultura romena fu asservita al mantenimento di un regime politico per oltre quarant’anni e delle conseguenze di questa regimentazione forzata dopo l’abbattimento del muro di Berlino.
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2014.
In 1993 Toni Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Nobel committee described her work as “characterized by visionary force and poetic import [that] gives life to an essential aspect of American reality.”Twenty years later, a group of scholars met in Stockholm to commemorate and celebrate Morrison’s award, and just as importantly, to critically engage the wealth of scholarship that has sprung up around Morrison’s work—both the six novels recognized by the Nobel committee and those works of fiction and criticism published in the two decades afterwards.The essays in this collection implicitly and explicitly take up Morrison’s clarion call to vivify language. They engage her words by elaborating on their meaning, offering readings of her literary texts that highlight their intertextuality, their proliferating conversations with other texts and contexts, and even other languages. In some, Morrison’s words give life to authors no longer with us, in others we are encouraged to resituate her writing in unfamiliar contexts in order to highlight the multiplicity of meanings generated by her work. The essays offer rich testimony to the life-giving properties of Morrison’s language and seek to contribute to the ongoing afterlife of her work by adding to the scholarly conversations animated by her extraordinary literary career.
Trends in inequalities in premature mortality - a study of 3.2 million deaths in 13 European countries.Mer info
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2014, : -.
BACKGROUND: Over the last decades of the 20th century, a widening of the gap in death rates between upper and lower socioeconomic groups has been reported for many European countries. For most countries, it is unknown whether this widening has continued into the first decade of the 21st century.METHODS: We collected and harmonised data on mortality by educational level among men and women aged 30-74 years in all countries with available data: Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, England and Wales, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Hungary, Lithuania and Estonia.RESULTS: Relative inequalities in premature mortality increased in most populations in the North, West and East of Europe, but not in the South. This was mostly due to smaller proportional reductions in mortality among the lower than the higher educated, but in the case of Lithuania and Estonia, mortality rose among the lower and declined among the higher educated. Mortality among the lower educated rose in many countries for conditions linked to smoking (lung cancer, women only) and excessive alcohol consumption (liver cirrhosis and external causes). In absolute terms, however, reductions in premature mortality were larger among the lower educated in many countries, mainly due to larger absolute reductions in mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer (men only). Despite rising levels of education, population-attributable fractions of lower education for mortality rose in many countries.CONCLUSIONS: Relative inequalities in premature mortality have continued to rise in most European countries, and since the 1990s, the contrast between the South (with smaller inequalities) and the East (with larger inequalities) has become stronger. While the population impact of these inequalities has further increased, there are also some encouraging signs of larger absolute reductions in mortality among the lower educated in many countries. Reducing inequalities in mortality critically depends upon speeding up mortality declines among the lower educated, and countering mortality increases from conditions linked to smoking and excessive alcohol consumption such as lung cancer, liver cirrhosis and external causes.
Sprids religion och sport på samma sätt? - Pentekostal kristendom, brasiliansk jiu-juitsu och de strukturella orsakerna bakom folkrörelsens framgångMer info
Zlatan Frälsaren och andra texter om religion och idrott - en festskrift till David WesterlundMer info
Jobs, careers, and becoming a parent under state socialist and market conditions - Evidence from Estonia 1971-2006Mer info
Demographic Research 2014, 30 (1): 1733-1768.
Background: Entering employment and achieving a stable position in the labour market are considered important preconditions for childbearing. Existing studies addressing the relationship between work experience and the timing of parenthood focus exclusively on Western Europe and North America. By adding an Eastern European context before and after societal transformation, this study contributes to a more comprehensive account of the role of work experience in first-birth timing in Europe. Objective: We investigate how work experience and career development are related to the timing of parenthood in two diverse contexts in Estonia, state socialism and the market economy, and how it varies by gender and nativity. Method: The data used come from the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006-2007. We estimate piecewise constant event history models to analyse the transition to first birth. Results: Our results suggest that in the market economy work experience became more important in the decision to enter parenthood. In the market economy the importance of work experience to entering parenthood became more similar for women and men. Non-native-origin men and women's timing of parenthood appears to have become detached from their career developments. The article discusses mechanisms that may underlie the observed patterns. Conclusions: Our study shows how work experience gained importance as a precondition for parenthood in the transition to a market economy. This lends support to the view that the increasing importance of work experience is among plausible drivers of the postponement transition that extended to Eastern Europe in the 1990s. © 2014 Sunnee Billingsley, Allan Puur & Luule Sakkeus.
Navigating “Academia Incognita” - The European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School and ECREA’s Young Scholars NetworkMer info
In: Media Practice and Everyday Agency in Europe. Bremen : edition lumière, 2014. 23-32.
The importance of conference reports - Preface to the X Nordic women's and gender history conference reportMer info
Methods, interventions and reflections - Report from the X Nordic women's and gender history conference, Bergen, August 9-12, 2012Mer info
Report from the X Nordic Women's and Gender History Conference held in Bergen, August 2012. Contributions in Scandinavian languages and in English. Among the topics: feminist methodology, cultural memory, masculinity, pre-modern times, domestic workers.
Among-Population Variation in Tolerance to Larval Herbivory by Anthocharis cardamines in the Polyploid Herb Card... Mer info
PLoS ONE 2014, 9 (6): e99333-.
Plants have two principal defense mechanisms to decrease fitness losses to herbivory: tolerance, the ability to compensate fitness after damage, and resistance, the ability to avoid damage. Variation in intensity of herbivory among populations should result in variation in plant defense levels if tolerance and resistance are associated with costs. Yet little is known about how levels of tolerance are related to resistance and attack intensity in the field, and about the costs of tolerance. In this study, we used information about tolerance and resistance against larval herbivory by the butterfly Anthocharis cardamines under controlled conditions together with information about damage in the field for a large set of populations of the perennial plant Cardamine pratensis. Plant tolerance was estimated in a common garden experiment where plants were subjected to a combination of larval herbivory and clipping. We found no evidence of that the proportion of damage that was caused by larval feeding vs. clipping influenced plant responses. Damage treatments had a negative effect on the three measured fitness components and also resulted in an earlier flowering in the year after the attack. Tolerance was related to attack intensity in the population of origin, i.e. plants from populations with higher attack intensity were more likely to flower in the year following damage. However, we found no evidence of a relationship between tolerance and resistance. These results indicate that herbivory drives the evolution for increased tolerance, and that changes in tolerance are not linked to changes in resistance. We suggest that the simultaneous study of tolerance, attack intensity in the field and resistance constitutes a powerful tool to understand how plant strategies to avoid negative effects of herbivore damage evolve.
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2014.
”Jag letade efter en mordängel och jag hittade en prislista.” Orden är journalisten Marciej Zarembas, en av deltagarna på det vittnesseminarium om vårdens marknadisering som hölls i Almedalen sommaren 2013 och som återges i denna skrift.Marciej Zaremba, som hittat närmare 2 500 virtuella avtal och en modell av företagsliknande styrformer inom den offentliga vården, är övertygad om att prislistor, beting och vårdgarantier styckar upp vården i moment och diagnoser utan hänsyn till faktisk tid och resursåtgång, hänsyn till patentens behov eller vårdens kvalitet och utgång.En annan av seminariedeltagarna, Klas Eklund, professor i nationalekonomi, menade istället att problemen handlade om patienters bristande valfrihet, statens ekonomiska problem och dåliga styrsystem i vården. De skulle lösas av genom att vården drevs som ett företag med interndebitering och prislistor. Där skulle personalens initiativ kunna tas till vara och den solidariska sjukvårdsmodellen försvaras.
European Journal of Criminology 2014, 11 (4): 410-428.
In the crime policy field, the crime victim is usually described as the direct opposite of the offender in terms of characteristics and needs. This article analyses crime policy descriptions of crime victims and offenders, with a special focus on how politicians address the issue of the victim-offender overlap. The material comprises a sample of legislative crime policy bills submitted by members of the Swedish parliament during 2005-10. In the bills, crime victims are described as good, innocent and in need of help, whereas the offender is seen as a bad, ruthless scoundrel. In between stands a group of victim-offenders; pitiable poor things. However, when responses to offenders are discussed, both poor things and scoundrels are to be punished severely. © The Author(s) 2013.
International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum 2014, 19 (4): 1-20.
Dancing in an educational setting is a joyful and powerful means for growth and multimodal learning. Dancing Through the Alphabet, Dancing Math, Dancing Science, Dancing is Being, are four teaching and learning programs, drawing on dance as creative expression and on the reciprocal stimulation of dance, spoken and written language. By stimulating the envy and capability to express oneself and one's knowledge through dance, language learning, mathematics, science, philosophy or other subject learning is enhanced. The core idea is the expression of the self and the perception of previous subject comprehension and further development of skills. Dancing contributes essentially to establishing a fruitful space of learning with immediate and perceptible interaction between teacher, peer learners and the subject learned. Creativity and play, tactile perception and motoric activity are involved in the learning process. Thresholds are lowered and learners eagerly explore fields of knowledge previously experienced as difficult to access. Effective acquisition and sustainable storage of knowledge is enhanced. A continuous development in literacy takes place. Critical reflection is encouraged in a broader view on knowing and being. Concentration and cooperation skills improve. Multiple intelligences are used and cognitive capacities are developed. Participants with varying cultural and language backgrounds, exchanging experiences and references, embark at equal terms on joyful journeys through fields of knowledge. © Common Ground, Paul Moerman, All Rights Reserved.
International History Review 2014, : -.
The London-based Committee for Relieving the Distressed Inhabitants of Germany, and Other Parts of the Continent is an early example of a large-scale voluntary relief programme that has gone unappreciated in the annals of humanitarianism. The present article examines the period in 1808 and 1809 when this committee redirected its relief efforts to Sweden. The case highlights many issues that beset humanitarianism today. With well-preserved recipient records, it offers insight to aspects of humanitarian encounters that have been markedly under-researched. It examines how foreign-policy interests fostered mis-conceptions about those in need and how such misconceptions resulted in corrupt distribution structures. It shows that asymmetries in the development of civil society impeded the relief effort and that the divergent interests of donors and distributors caused the forms of relief to be inadequate and agency to be lost. Moreover, it illustrates how local elites resisted advice from abroad and how the individual personalities involved shaped policy outcomes. These factors remain issues at the present time and the case of two Protestant European countries with a cultural affinity illustrates how significant they are.