Kvalificerade och kreativa forskningsmiljöer som spänner över många discipliner och områden.
Vår forskning eftersträvar en hög samhälls- och samtidsrelevans i förening med ett aktivt och kritiskt förhållningssätt till det förflutna. Forskningen vid högskolan vänder sig i allmänhet ut mot världen även inom ämnen som av hävd studerar den egna nationella kulturen och historien. Ett viktigt ledord är mångvetenskap.
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American Journal of Health Behavior 2015, 39 (1): 99-108.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the factors associated with weapon carrying in school among Czech, Russian, and US adolescents.METHODS: Logistic regression was used to analyze data drawn from the Social and Health Assessment (SAHA).RESULTS: Violent behavior (perpetration / victimization) was linked to adolescent weapon carrying in all countries. Substance use was associated with weapon carrying among boys in all countries. Greater parental warmth reduced the odds for weapon carrying among Czech and Russian adolescents. Associating with delinquent peers was important for weapon carrying only among US adolescents.CONCLUSIONS: Factors associated with weapon carrying in school vary among countries although violent behavior and substance use may be associated with weapon carrying across countries.
Malmö : Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015.
I en rad undersökningar har man konstaterat att svenska elever har otillräckliga kunskaper i matematik. Dessa elever har nu kommit till högskolan. Detta ställer nya och stora krav på såväl lärarutbildningen som på den matematikdidaktiska litteraturen.Boken är avsedd för lärare i årskurserna 1-6 och ger en såväl teoretisk bakgrund i form av didaktisk ämnesteori som en praxisnära beskrivning av hur denna teori kan användas för att förklara matematiska samband och som underlag för att planera och konkretisera undervisning.Stor uppmärksamhet ägnas åt matematiska förmågor och variation av undervisningens innehåll - viktiga föruttsättningar för en individualisering av matematikundervisningen.
Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2015.
I den första delen av boken görs en genomgång av hur man i svenska kursplaner och den didaktiska och undervisningsmetodiska litteraturen uppfattat konkretisering i matematikundervisningen. I den andra delen av boken görs en utredning av konkretiseringens roll vid abstraktion av ett matematikinnehåll. Det ges därefter rad exempel på hur en konkretisering i praktiken kan leda till abstraktion.
Open Skies, Open Minds? Shifting Concepts of Communication and Information in Swedish Public Debate Mer info
Economic Nationalizing in the Ethnic Borderlands of Hungary and Romania - Inclusion, Exclusion and Annihilation in Szatmár/Satu-Mare 1867–1944Mer info
The history of the ethnic borderlands of Hungary and Romania in the years 1867–1944 were marked by changing national borders, ethnic conflicts and economic problems. Using a local case study of the city and county of Szatmár/Satu-Mare, this thesis investigates the practice and social mechanisms of economic nationalizing. It explores the interplay between ethno-national and economic factors, and furthermore analyses what social mechanisms lead to and explain inclusion, exclusion and annihilation.The underlying principle of economic nationalizing in both countries was the separation of citizens into ethnic categories and the establishment of a dominant core nation entitled to political and economic privileges from the state. National leaders implemented a policy of economic nationalizing that exploited and redistributed resources taken from the minorities. To pursue this end, leaders instrumentalized ethnicity, which institutionalized inequality and ethnic exclusion. This process of ethnic, and finally racial, exclusion marked the whole period and reached its culmination in the annihilation of the Jews throughout most of Hungary in 1944.For nearly a century, ethnic exclusion undermined the various nationalizing projects in the two countries: the Magyarization of the minorities in dualist Hungary (1867–1918); the Romanianization of the economy of the ethnic borderland in interwar Romania (1918–1940); and finally the re-Hungarianization of the economy in Second World War Hungary (1940–1944).The extreme case of exclusion, namely the Holocaust, revealed that the path of exclusion brought nothing but destruction for everyone. This reinforces the thesis that economic nationalizing through the exclusion of minorities induces a vicious circle of ethnic bifurcation, political instability and unfavorable conditions for achieving economic prosperity. Exclusion served the short-term elite’s interest but undermined the long-term nation’s ability to prosper.
The Insurance Cartel Registry, Regulations, Co-operation and Competition Among Swedish Insurers Mer info
In: Regional Matkultur. Stockholm : Carlsson Bokförlag, 2014. 287-294.
Artikeln analyserar de vinster som producenterna har gjort efter att Kalix löjrom, som första svenska livsmedel, erhöll en skyddad ursprungsbeteckning.
Mountain agriculture at the crossroads, biodiversity, culture, and modernization, conflicting and interacting in... Mer info
In: Farming systems facing global challenges. Vienna : BOKU University and International Farming Systems Association.
Mountain agriculture emerged at the intersection of the "wild economy," which focused on hunting, fishing and gathering wild plants and the agricultural based economy that is characterized by the domestication of animals and cultivation of the soil. Like other traditional systems based on pasture, the Swedish mountain systems is based on the use of inherited traditional knowledge and mountain pastures have over centuries created a very rare and rich habitat in the form of upland hay meadows. Today, both traditional knowledge and the rich biodiversity in the mountains are endangered by the implementation of modern practices that lead to a number of conflicts that go beyond the tragedy of the commons. One important source of conflict emanates from the changing role of the countryside, a role that creates expectations on farmers to deliver recreation, magnificent landscapes, new job opportunities, operate hotels , produce, cheese, maintain a cultural heritage and contribute to the conservation of native breeds . Another problem is caused by new support systems and regulations that create incentives to intensify the exploitation of summer farms by using the pastures for modern meat cattle breeds, which changes the landscape, but also makes traditional farmers upset, because of the risk of losing the traditions of summer farms.An additional source of conflict is created by the state’s changing attitudes towards the mountain world, as the state aims to shut down all existing (state owned) leased mountain flats (fjällägenheter) by cutting down basic infrastructure. The remaining flats are located primarily in the northern parts of Jämtland. They contribute to the maintenance of a very unique flora and insect fauna. By comparing two cases, one in Klövsjö and one in the northern part of the region, this paper contributes with new knowledge about mountain agriculture, including interlocking interests, competitive activities, potentials and conflicts.
Constructing the new rurality - Challenges and opportunities of a recent shift in Swedish rural policiesMer info
In: Farming systems facing global challenges. Vienna : Boku University, Austria and International Farming Systems Association.
The article highlights the implementation of the New Culinary Country Program (NCCP, Sverige det Nya Matlandet), implemented to speed up the emergence of a new rurality in Sweden. Based on results of focus groups and one group interview conducted in eight counties/landscapes in in 2013 and a state initiated evaluation of the NCCP, the study answers the following questions: What has been achieved by the policy change so far? Which are the main challenges and opportunities created by the NCCP so far? Results show that the NCCP has stimulated a higher degree of regional coordination of resources and stakeholders at regional level. In the succesful cases, cooperation and coordination has been the key factor behind succes.
The Return of Geopolitics in the Era of Soft Power - Rereading Rudolf Kjellén on Geopolitical Imaginary and Competitive IdentityMer info
Geopolitics 2014, 19 (4): 1-19.
This paper looks at how Swedish political scientist Rudolf Kjellén (1864–1922) conceived of the relationship between nature and culture, between material and immaterial power as well as the role of soft power, geopolitical imaginary and competitive identity in off-setting potentially unfavourable geopolitical conditions for small and medium-sized states. It is argued that with regard to small states, Kjellén did not maintain a consistent separation between “soft” cultural resources of power and “hard” laws of nature. Rather, he placed the mutually constitutive tension between geography (nature) and politics (culture) at the centre of his politico-scientific analysis, arguing that active “biopolitics” could supplement geopolitics. In Kjellén’s conception, cultural and natural resources are instruments of an otherwise integrated notion of power which challenges the contemporary separation between hard and soft power.
Risk and protective factors for peer victimization - a 1-year follow-up study of urban American studentsMer info
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2014, 23 (9): 773-781.
This study examined whether internalizing problems, parental warmth and teacher support were associated with adolescents' experience of future peer victimization in school. Data were drawn from two rounds of the longitudinal Social and Health Assessment (SAHA). Study subjects comprised 593 US urban adolescents (aged 13.8 +/- A 0.8 years; 56 % female). Results showed that there was a substantial degree of continuity in peer victimization over a 1-year period. The presence of internalizing (anxiety, depressive and somatic) symptoms at baseline was associated with an increased risk of peer victimization over time. Both parental warmth and teacher support were uniquely associated with a lower risk for peer victimization. Implications of these findings for prevention efforts are discussed.
“’Impersonating the Self’”: Grotesque Subjects in Joyce Carol Oates’s Academic Novel Mudwoman Mer info
“Restorative and reflective nostalgia in life-writing of the Polish diaspora: Eva Hoffman and Lisa Appignanesi” Mer info
In: . : .
This paper compares Eva Hoffman’s representation of Poland and its effect on her immigrant/exilic life in Lost in Translation with Lisa Appignanesi’s representations in Losing the Dead. Their works are published about 10 years apart. While Lost in Translation has been viewed as an important work expressing a postmodern awareness of the links between language and subjectivity, a few scholars have been highly critical of the “nostalgic” view of Poland that Hoffman presents. Losing the Dead, though different tone, is also invested in the dynamics of remembering and forgetting. The author has very few first-hand memories of her childhood in Poland, however, and her work of postmemory thus straddles the borders of biography, family history, and memoir. Svetlana Boym’s discussion of restorative and reflective nostalgia provides an important framework for a comparison of these two works’ representations of Poland. While it is tempting to view Hoffman’s work as an example of restorative nostalgia and Appignanesi’s as an example of reflective nostalgia, I argue that these distinctions are not clear cut, and the representations of Poland in these two works complicate Boym’s typology.
Baltic Sea Basin Paleoenvironment - paleoenvironmental evolution of the Baltic Sea Basin through the last glacial cycleMer info
Review of the Book “Ukrainian Intelligentsia in Post-Soviet L'viv. Narratives, Identity, and Power” by Eleonora ... Mer info
The Emergence of Conservative Parties in the Baltic States - New Parties, Party Entrepreneurs and Transnational InfluenceMer info
In: Models of Democracy in Nordic and Baltic Europe . Farnham : Ashgate, 2014. 77-115.
Pedagogika Społeczna 2014, XIII (2(52)): 49-64.
Proces rozwoju profesji pedagoga w zakresie oświaty dorosłych w Polsce był odmienny od modeli i rozwiązań występujących w krajach Europy Zachodniej. Decydowały o tym dwa główne powody. Po pierwsze, warunki niewoli narodowej i wynikająca stąd potrzeba patriotycznej akcji oświatowej na rzecz podnoszenia świadomości narodowej. Po drugie, za podstawy naukowe tej pracy nie służyła psychoanaliza, lecz pedagogika. Stąd w Polsce powstała koncepcja edukacyjnej pracy społeczno-kulturalnej oraz filantropijnej, rozumianej jako służba na rzecz utrzymania tożsamości narodowej oraz rozwoju społecznego. Początkowo zadania te realizował pracownik społeczny, którego umownie można nazwać bojownikiem o wolność. Po 1918 r., kiedy Polska odzyskała niepodległość, bojownik o wolność przeistoczył się w instruktora, by następnie – po 1925 r. – przybrać postać profesjonalisty.
Society and Animals 2014, 22 : 545-559.
Negative attitudes toward dogs are common in Muslim societies. Thus, in studying both past and present Muslim writings on dogs, a contradictory picture emerges, indicating that Muslim attitudes toward dogs have had their ambiguities. At times the dog has been presented as the lowest, filthiest, and vilest of creatures, and at times the dog appears as a perfect role model, exemplifying qualities like loyalty, devotion, and self-sacrifice. There are signs that attitudes toward dogs are changing in some Muslim soci-eties. One such sign is that an increasing number of people in Muslim countries are now keeping dogs as companion animals. The following research will be used to highlight ambiguities as well as changes in order to not only better understand the position of the dog within Islam, but also to provide a very concrete example of how interpretations of religions are not isolated or single but are dependent on context.
Medicine, Health care and Philosophy 2014, : -.
Whereas empathy is most often looked upon as a virtue and essential skill in contemporary health care, the relationship to sympathy is more complicated. Empathic approaches that lead to emotional arousal on the part of the health care professional and strong feelings for the individual patient run the risk of becoming unprofessional in nature and having the effect of so-called compassion fatigue or burnout. In this paper I want to show that approaches to empathy in health care that attempt to solve these problems by cutting empathy loose from sympathy-from empathic concern-are mistaken. Instead, I argue, a certain kind of sympathy, which I call professional concern, is a necessary ingredient in good health care. Feeling oneself into the experiences and situation of the patient cannot be pursued without caring for the patient in question if the empathy is going to be successful. Sympathy is not only a thing that empathy makes possible and more or less spontaneously provides a way for but is something that we find at work in connection to empathy itself. In the paper I try to show how empathy is a particular form of emotion in which I feel with, about, and for the other person in developing an interpretation of his predicament. The with and for aspects of the empathy process are typically infused by a sympathy for the person one is empathizing with. Sympathy can be modulated into other ways of feeling with and for the person in the empathy process, but these sympathy-replacement feelings nevertheless always display some form of motivating concern for the target. Such an understanding of empathy is of particular importance for health care and other professions dealing with suffering clients.
Stockholm : Folkbildningsrådet, 2014. (Folkbildningsrådet utvärderar ; 2014: 3)
Who is adaptation for? Vulnerability and adaptation benefits in proposals approved by the UNFCCC Adaptation Fund Mer info
Climate and Development 2014, : -.
Since the Adaptation Fund (AF) became operational in 2007, there has been a vivid discussion about equity and efficiency in how resources (predicted to be scarce) are governed and allocated. One complicating factor is that allocation is often discussed between countries rather than between sub-national causes and groups, and while this approach follows from the UNFCCC context, it is problematic because it ignores the fact that vulnerability is a locally contextualized phenomenon. This paper empirically analyses the portrayal of vulnerability and adaptation benefits in project proposals approved by the AF, and thereby comments on the normative principles of equity and efficiency when allocating funds to developing countries and their vulnerable communities. It does this by evaluating actual decisions made by the AF, which has been operating for some time. We qualitatively analyse all proposals approved as of December 2012 by the Fund's Board. First, we compare the ways that ‘particular vulnerability’ is justified or not, especially in light of the minimal guidance available. Second, we compare project proponent's statements (or lack thereof) on economic, social, and environmental benefits arising from the suggested projects, and who they would accrue to. Lessons learned with regard to allocation will also be important for the development of the Green Climate Fund, considering that resources are likely to be scarce for some time in comparison with predicted funding needs.
Climate Policy 2014, 14 (4): 488-506.
The Adaptation Fund, established under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has now been approving funding for adaptation projects for more than two years. Given its particular institutional status and specific focus on concrete adaptation, it is particularly relevant to study the initial experiences of it for any future upscaling of international adaptation finance, despite the fact that its own resources are getting scarce. Alternative rationales for allocating funds, based on equity and efficiency concerns at both international and subnational levels, are here tested against the criteria and priorities of the Fund and decisions made on project approval. It is concluded that equity concerns appear to be the primary motivation and that allocation is de facto made between states rather than by considering inequity between subnational communities. However, the currency of vulnerability for determining equitable outcomes in allocation decisions has not been formalized, despite its central importance to the Fund. Instead, uniform national caps have been introduced. Such an equality approach can be considered inequitable. Finally, it is noted that although the Adaptation Fund Board has continuously developed its proposal review practices and adopted a learning-by-doing approach, it should provide both a further specification of the evaluation criteria and a compilation of best practices from approved proposals, and moreover enhance the transparency of the review process, all of which would clarify its core priorities for current and future project proponents.
Bibliophilos 2014, 73 (1): 24-26.
Helsinki : Suomen romaniyhdistys, 2014.
International Journal of Bilingualism 2014, : -.
This study reports on language mixing in two Romani communities, with a century-long presence in Finland and in Greece respectively. A quantitative analysis of free-speech data shows that verbs from the contact languages, Finnish and Turkish, are systematically inserted into a dominant Romani speech with their respective Finnish and Turkish tense, mood, aspect, and person morphology. The insertion in language A of non-integrated single words from language B is atypical for classic code-switching and borrowing, but is a well-known mechanism in the creation of mixed languages. Unlike mixed languages, however, where no single dominant language can be identified, Romani is the main component in the corpora under study. We suggest that this type of Romani language mixing illustrates an early stage of mixed language formation that did not develop into an independent mixed language, owing to changes in the sociopolitical settings.
The Death of the Mass Audience Reconsidered - From Mass Communication to Mass PersonalisationMer info
In: Mediatization of Communication. Berlin & Boston : De Gruyter Mouton, 2014. 175-197.
In this chapter three approaches to mediatization are discussed: the institutional, the technological, and the media as world. Each of these has a different ontological and epistemological background, and it is argued that this has consequences on which questions are posed, and which kinds of answers are possible to give. For these backgrounds it is accounted, with a special focus on how these approaches theorize the relationship between media and society, how media are defined and which historical perspective is privileged.
In: Women in Politics and Media. New York : Bloomsbury Academic, 2014. 115-130.
This chapter focuses on the attitudes of Russian journalists toward media representations of women politicians. It seeks to answer the following questions: How does the culture of political journalism influence gendering of women politicians? And what makes the Russian culture of political journalism unique when it comes to the coverage women politicians get? The chapter addresses the journalists’ interpretations of the low number of women politicians in media content, and turns to the journalists’ reasoning behind gender spotlighting and stereotyping. Highlighting the contradictions between the ideas, practices, and ideals present in the culture of the ‘quality’ political journalism in Russia, the chapter discusses how journalists envision the future of media representations of women politicians and how this relates to the problem of gender inequality in the political realm.
Stor är stark, men liten är listig - Kjelléns baltiska program och geopolitikens lärdomar för en perifer ”mellanstat”Mer info
In: Rudolf Kjellén. Stockholm : Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag, 2014. 262-284.
Rudolf Kjellén ses idag vanligen som den hårdföra geopolitikens upphovsman. Men ett närmare studium av hans analys av förhållandet mellan natur och kultur och mellan materiella och immateriella maktresurser visar att han också ansåg att en aktiv ”biopolitik” kunde påverka geopolitikens lagar till små och medelstora staters fördel. När det kom till frågan om Sveriges ställning i världen upprätthöll Kjellén t.ex. inte den åtskillnad mellan ”mjuka” kulturella resurser och ”hårda” naturlagar som vanligen anses som typisk för geopolitiken. Snarare pendlade han mellan vad vi idag skulle se som konstruktivistiska respektive realistiska impulser i studiet av internationella relationer.
In: Matematik i kulturens tecken. Matematikbiennalen februari 2014. Umeå universitet. Umeå : Umeå universitet.
Grundläggande algebra, funktioner, sannolikhetslära och statistik - matematikdidaktik för lärareMer info
Lund : Studentlitteratur AB, 2014.
De matematiska strukturer som ligger till grund för skolans matematik förtjänar att lyftas fram eftersom de gör matematiken överskadlig och begriplig. I den boken visar författarna hur dessa matematiska strukturer kan förklara matematiska samband samt konkretisera och generalisera ämnesinnehållet.