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Vår forskning eftersträvar en hög samhälls- och samtidsrelevans i förening med ett aktivt och kritiskt förhållningssätt till det förflutna. Forskningen vid högskolan vänder sig i allmänhet ut mot världen även inom ämnen som av hävd studerar den egna nationella kulturen och historien. Ett viktigt ledord är mångvetenskap.
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In the seventeenth- and early eighteenth centuries, fluits were the most common type of merchant ship used in Baltic trade. Originally a Dutch design, the majority of all goods transported between Sweden and the Republic was carried on board such vessels. Far from all voyages reached their destination. Down in the cold brackish water of the Baltic, the preservation conditions are optimal, and several of these unfortunate vessels remain nearly intact today. Although thousands of more or less identical fluits were built, surprisingly little is known about the arrangement of space on board, their sculptural embellishment and other aspects that formed the physical component of everyday life on and alongside these ships. Fluits were a fixture in early modern society, so numerous that they became almost invisible. The study of wrecks thus holds great potential for revealing vital components of early modern life. Inspired by phenomenological approaches in archaeology, this thesis aims to focus on the lived experience of fluits. It sets out to grasp for seemingly mundane everyday activities relating to these ships, from the physical arrangements for eating, sleeping and answering nature’s call, to their rearrangement for naval use, and ends with a consideration of the architectonical contribution of the fluit to the urban landscape.
Duckface/Stoneface - The social semiotics and gendering of selfies among 10 to 13 year old pupils in four Swedish schools.Mer info
In: . : .
My paper is based on qualitative results and reflections taken from a recently published Swedish study on social media, gaming and image communication among 10 and 13 year old in four schools in Stockholm (N 146). In my paper I focus on image communication and discuss two visual genres that exploded with camphones and the growing access to mobile internet, that is Selfies (self portraits) and Ussies (with friends). Over a short period of time these and other visual camphone-genres have become part of our increasingly mediatized everyday life (Hjarvard 2013) and the personal publishing genres that develop through networked publics online (Boyd 2010).Selfies and Ussies also seem to be an unavoidable part of contemporary peer to peer gender socialization, inside and outside school, and in line with R.W Connell (2002) I see these as part of the appropriation of gender (R.W Connell 2002) through the performance of gender (Butler 1999). This agency means investments and explorations in contemporary gender identity; in close intersection with heteronormativity and age.In relation to this a discussion of selfies as representations of a dominant gender order is appropriate, but I want to expand this through social semiotics (Kress 2010) as these images not only depicts a person, represents gender norms, and function as vehicles in impression management online/offline, selfies can also be seen as a form of communicative action taking place in the context of what Villi (2012) calls a ‘visual chit chat culture, where the photo opportunity, and the occasion, as well as possible reactions and comments (likes etc.) also are a part of the visual pragmatics. I addition to this I find it fruitful to see smart phones as relational objects (Turkle 2012) and personal interfaces between life offline (f.x. in school) and life online within individualized networks (Raine & Wellman 2012) connected to a wider participatory media culture (Jenkins 2006). Around this a set of practices are formed, and these can be understood through phenomenological and sociological perspective, as presented by Couldry (2012) and Moores (2012).My paper centers on results from 26 focus group interviews and two workshops. My results on one hand show strong connections between selfies produced by tweens and teens and gender stereotypes and essentialist conceptions of gender. On the other hand the indicate practices of production, distribution and reception that partly undermines traditional gender categorizations.
In: . : .
“Our whorer of a King”. That was imprinted on coins that emerged around Sweden in the summer of 2012. This prank obviously played on widely spread rumors about the Swedish kings meetings with ‘coffee girls’ during private dinners with the Swedish (male) elites. The false coins impressed experts and left the media baffled. “The Royal Coin” became a prattle in mass media and social media during the summer news dry of 2012. Who was behind this? And, most important: what was The message? These false coins did not seem to be part of an ordinary counterfeit; rather it seemed to be some sort of anti royal statement. Soon speculations about its begetter turned towards the art world. The man behind this performance came forward in a press conference held during an avantgarde art fair in Stockholm in September 2012. It turned out that the architect behind this intriguing set up came from the PR-sector, and he stated that it could not reasonably be his responsibility to declare ‘the meaning of this piece, being, as he said, an ’amateur artist’. The press conference gathered hordes of journalists, but they did not get their main question answered (What was your aim/What was your purpose?). After a while the instigator fled his own press conference, leaving the journalist astound. The media system was short circuited, and what was to follow was the media systems ultimate punishment: Silence.In this paper I will discuss ‘The Royal Coin’ as a performance, with reference to previous works of artists who have used ‘The media’ and its logics as a studio and stage (think Warhol) for their artistic work. In my discussion I use concepts taken from Jean Baudrillard, such as non event and objective irony, to pinpoint this (among others) strategy for avant gard(ish) techniques as a form of media criticism in a non escapable hyper reality.
Stockholm : Statens Medieråd, 2014. ( ; )
I rapporten kartlägg ett stort antal aktörer som kan kopplas till medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK): departement, myndigheter, organisationer, intressesammanslutningar. Även public service och andra med verksamhet som avser informera, skydda och stimulera barn och ungas i deras medieanvändning tas upp.Några av rapportens huvudresultat är att det finns många aktörer inom MIK-området i dagens Sverige, att samordning och gemensamma begrepp saknas, och att det finns flera traditioner eller intresseorienteringar med delvis olikartade eller motsatta sätt att se på medier, barn, lärande. Ett spår i detta gäller digitalisering av skolan i syftet att modernisera och effektivisera undervisningen. En annan handlar om att skydda barn från mediers skadliga verkningar och risker förbundna med internet och sociala medier. Ytterligare en riktning har rötter i filmpedagogiskt tänkande och estetiska läroprocesser.
Duckface/Stoneface - Sociala medier, onlinespel och bildkommunikation bland killar och tjejer, i årskurs 4 och 7Mer info
Stockholm : Statens Medieråd, 2014. ( ; )
Rapporten Duckface/Stoneface redovisar bland närmare 150 barn i fyra stockholmsskolor i årskurs 4 och 7 gällande sociala medier, spel och bildkommunikation. Här ingår material från ett fyrtiotal intervjuer. Studien redovisar också två workshops. Rapportens utgångspunkter är genusteoretiska. Begrepp som performativitet och genustillägnelse, och teoretiker som Butler, Connell och Yvonne Hirdman är centrala. Detta kombineras med resonemang om medier som vardaglig praktik (Couldry) och sociosemiotiska perspektiv på bildkommunikation (Kress m.fl.). Rapporten visar hur barnens liv online och offline flätas samman genom smarta mobiler och andra medieting. Den visar också att det finns starka drag av genusbetingat isärhållande. Spel, sociala medier och bildkommunikation blir arenor för att tillägna sig genus genom ålders- och könsbunden socialisation.
In: Medie- och informationskunnighet i Norden. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2014. 107-116.
Artikeln presenterar grundtankarna bakom konceptet medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK) och de diskussioner och argument som förts fram av Unesco och andra gällande MIK. Artikeln argumenterar för vikten av ett bildningsperspektiv på MIK- frågor.
Radio för framtiden eller bildning i förfall? - Debatterna kring moderniseringen av tablåer och tilltal i Riksradions P1 1966-1986.Mer info
Presshistorisk årsbok 2014, : 71-84.
I början och mitten av 1980-talet fördes animerade debatter inom Sveriges Radio och i kommenterade press gällande omställningar av Riksradions kanalprofiler och programläggning. Främst handlade det om P1 och införandet av ”blockprogram” som God morgon Världen och ”journalistifieringen” av kulturprogram som Kulturnytt. På ett djupare plan gällde dessa debatter ett paradigmatiskt skifte i sättet att tänka och göra public service-radio. Det handlade om övergången från programbaserad och producentstyrd radio till kanalbaserad och tablåstyrd radio. I dessa diskussioner ställdes företagsstrategiska pragmatik (standardisering, kostnadseffektivitet, synergier etc.) mot den kreativa sidan av public service (originalitet) och centrala värdegrundsfrågor (bildning). I detta ställdes lyssnarsiffror och kanalprofileringar mot personlighet, variation och bildningsanspråk,
In: ICED 2014 Educational Development in a Changing World. : .
In our paper we present a pilot project were we introduce new students to read, write and search for academic texts. We assume an ‘academic literacies’ approach, where these activities are seen as social practices that have to be practically acquired in authentic, meaningful contexts within the disciplines, rather than in separate courses and other support structures.
Literacies for academic and professional purposes: Two collaboration projects with the University Library Mer info
In: . : .
Academic literacies among high school students and university students have been a highly discussed topic for several years in Sweden as well as other countries. Results of PISA show that high school students’ reading skills deteriorate and university teachers have given alarming reports on students’ decreasing abilities on the critical assessment of sources and academic writing. In Sweden the new curriculum for high schools sharpens the demands on students to develop a critical and scientific approach and a main learning outcome is that high school students shall ‘have the ability to critically examine and assess what they see, hear and read’ and that they ‘can use books, library resources and modern technology as a tool in the search for knowledge, communication, creativity and learning’ (Curriculum for the Upper Secondary School 2011, p. 8f). The new curriculum is also a concern for Higher Education (HE) since it is of great importance that high school students are well prepared for University studies. The fact that more heterogenous groups of students coming from different linguistic and socio-cultural contexts get access to HE, has meant that teachers need to design new pedagogical approaches that take socially situated circumstances into account. In this paper we will present two projects conducted at Södertörn University where the University Library has been involved in focusing both on students’ academic literacies and the connection between academic and professional practice. One project is an Introduction to academic writing and concerns new students. The other one concerns teacher candidates and aims to prepare them for their future professions as high school teachers. The purpose of this paper is to explore how the University Library can 2collaborate with other institutions to support students to develop academic literacies that are useful for both their studies and for their future professional practice.
Population genetic structure of crucian carp (Carassius carassius) in man-made ponds and wild populations in Sweden Mer info
2014, : -.
Although once popular prior to the last century, the aquaculture of crucian carp Carassius carassius (L. 1758) in Sweden gradually fell from favour. This is the first genetic comparison of crucian carp from historic man-made ponds in the Scandinavian Peninsula. The aim was to identify old populations without admixture and to compare the relationship of pond populations from different provinces in Sweden. In total, nine microsatellite loci from 234 individuals from 20 locations in varied parts of Sweden were analysed. The genetic distances of crucian carp populations indicated that the populations in the southernmost province of Sweden, Scania, shared a common history. A pond population in the province Småland also showed a common inheritance with this group. In the province Uppland, further north in Sweden, the population genetic distances suggested a much more complex history of crucian carp distributions in the ponds. The data showed that there are some ponds with potentially old populations without admixture, but also that several ponds might have been stocked with fish from many sources. © 2014 The Author(s).
Mischa Gabowitsch, Putin kaputt!? Russlands neue Protestkultur (Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2013) Mer info
Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering - Tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningarMer info
Assessing the potential impact of increased participation in higher education on mortality - Evidence from 21 European populationsMer info
Social Science and Medicine 2014, 117 : 142-149.
Although higher education has been associated with lower mortality rates in many studies, the effect of potential improvements in educational distribution on future mortality levels is unknown. We therefore estimated the impact of projected increases in higher education on mortality in European populations. We used mortality and population data according to educational level from 21 European populations and developed counterfactual scenarios. The first scenario represented the improvement in the future distribution of educational attainment as expected on the basis of an assumption of cohort replacement. We estimated the effect of this counterfactual scenario on mortality with a 10-15-year time horizon among men and women aged 30-79 years using a specially developed tool based on population attributable fractions (PAF). We compared this with a second, upward levelling scenario in which everyone has obtained tertiary education. The reduction of mortality in the cohort replacement scenario ranged from 1.9 to 10.1% for men and from 1.7 to 9.0% for women. The reduction of mortality in the upward levelling scenario ranged from 22.0 to 57.0% for men and from 9.6 to 50.0% for women. The cohort replacement scenario was estimated to achieve only part (4-25% (men) and 10-31% (women)) of the potential mortality decrease seen in the upward levelling scenario. We concluded that the effect of on-going improvements in educational attainment on average mortality in the population differs across Europe, and can be substantial. Further investments in education may have important positive side-effects on population health.
The recent economic recession and self-rated health in Estonia, Lithuania and Finland - a comparative cross-sectional study in 2004-2010Mer info
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2014, : -.
BACKGROUND: The late-2000s financial crisis had a severe impact on the national economies on a global scale. In Europe, the Baltic countries were among those most affected with more than a 20% decrease in per capita gross domestic product in 2008-2009. In this study, we explored the effects of economic recession on self-rated health in Estonia and Lithuania using Finland, a neighbouring Nordic welfare state, as a point of reference.METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data for Estonia (n=10 966), Lithuania (n=7249) and Finland (n=11 602) for 2004-2010 were analysed for changes in age-standardised prevalence rates of less-than-good self-rated health and changes in health inequalities using logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: The prevalence of less-than-good self-rated health increased slightly (albeit not statistically significantly) in all countries during 2008-2010. This was in sharp contrast to the statistically significant decline in the prevalence of less-than-good health in 2004-2008 in Estonia and Lithuania. Health disparities were larger in Estonia and Lithuania when compared to Finland, but decreased in 2008-2010 (in men only). In Finland, both the prevalence of less-than-good health and health disparities remained fairly stable throughout the period.CONCLUSIONS: Despite the rapid economic downturn, the short-term health effects in Estonia and Lithuania did not differ from those in Finland, although the recession years marked the end of the previous positive trend in self-rated health. The reduction in health disparities during the recession indicates that different socioeconomic groups were affected disproportionately; however, the reasons for this require further research.
Reduced affordability of cigarettes and socio-economic inequalities in smoking continuation in Stakhanov, Ukrain... Mer info
European Journal of Public Health 2014, : -.
The recent tobacco excise tax increase and economic crisis reduced cigarette affordability in Ukraine dramatically. Using survey data from Stakhanov (n = 1691), eastern Ukraine, we employed logistic regression analysis to examine whether socio-economic status was associated with the continuation of smoking in this environment in 2009. Low education (in women) and ownership of household assets (in men) were negatively associated with smoking continuation, whereas a positive association was found for personal monthly income. Our findings suggest that in a low-income setting where efficient cessation services are absent, reduced cigarette affordability may have only a limited effect in cutting down smoking.
Using multi-level data to estimate the effect of social capital on hazardous alcohol consumption in the former S... Mer info
European Journal of Public Health 2014, 24 (4): 572-577.
Background: Hazardous alcohol consumption is a leading cause of mortality in the former Soviet Union (fSU), but little is known about the social factors associated with this behaviour. We set out to estimate the association between individual- and community-level social capital and hazardous alcohol consumption in the fSU. Methods: Data were obtained from Health in Times of Transition 2010, a household survey of nine fSU countries (n = 18 000 within 2027 communities). Individual-level indicators of social isolation, civic participation, help in a crisis and interpersonal trust were aggregated to the community level. Adjusting for demographic factors, the association of individual- and community-level indicators with problem drinking (CAGE) and episodic heavy drinking was estimated using a population average model for the analysis of multi-level data. Results: Among men, individual social isolation [odds ratio (OR) = 1.20], community social isolation (OR = 1.18) and community civic participation (OR = 4.08) were associated with increased odds of CAGE. Community civic participation (OR = 2.91) increased the odds of episodic heavy drinking, while community interpersonal trust (OR = 0.89) decreased these odds. Among women, individual social isolation (OR = 1.30) and community civic participation (OR = 2.94) increased odds of CAGE. Conclusion: Our results provide evidence of the role of some elements of social capital in problem drinking in the fSU, and highlight the importance of community effects. The nature of civic organizations in the fSU, and the communities in which civic participation is high, should be further investigated to inform alcohol policy in the region.
A Meta-organizational Perspective on the Europeanization of Civil Society - The Case of the Swedish Women's LobbyMer info
VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 2014, : -.
As a consequence of European integration and the EU's expanded social policy, more citizens' interests are today organized at EU level. In the case of the women's movement, there is an umbrella organization-the European Women's Lobby (EWL)-in place in Brussels coordinating national women's movements. The EWL demands from its members that they be nationwide and representative umbrellas, which has structuring effects on the women's movements at domestic level. This article proposes to study the Europeanization of civil society through the lens of meta-organization theory (Ahrne & Brunsson 2008). Europeanization can thus be understood as a process which imposes meta-organizational structures on civil society. Through a case study of the Swedish Women's Lobby, this article analyses the consequences for the women's movement in Sweden of the meta-organizational structure brought into being by Europeanization.
Tick-borne encephalitis virus sequenced directly from questing and blood-feeding ticks reveals quasispecies vari... Mer info
PLoS ONE 2014, 9 (7): e103264-.
The increased distribution of the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in Scandinavia highlights the importance of characterizing novel sequences within the natural foci. In this study, two TBEV strains: the Norwegian Mandal 2009 (questing nymphs pool) and the Swedish Saringe 2009 (blood-fed nymph) were sequenced and phylogenetically characterized. Interestingly, the sequence of Mandal 2009 revealed the shorter form of the TBEV genome, similar to the highly virulent Hypr strain, within the 3' non-coding region (3'NCR). A different genomic structure was found in the 3'NCR of Saringe 2009, as in-depth analysis demonstrated TBEV variants with different lengths within the poly(A) tract. This shows that TBEV quasispecies exists in nature and indicates a putative shift in the quasispecies pool when the virus switches between invertebrate and vertebrate environments. This prompted us to further sequence and analyze the 3'NCRs of additional Scandinavian TBEV strains and control strains, Hypr and Neudoerfl. Toro 2003 and Habo 2011 contained mainly a short (A)3C(A)6 poly(A) tract. A similar pattern was observed for the human TBEV isolates 1993/783 and 1991/4944; however, one clone of 1991/4944 contained an (A)3C(A)11 poly(A) sequence, demonstrating that quasispecies with longer poly(A) could be present in human isolates. Neudoerfl has previously been reported to contain a poly(A) region, but to our surprise the re-sequenced genome contained two major quasispecies variants, both lacking the poly(A) tract. We speculate that the observed differences are important factors for the understanding of virulence, spread, and control of the TBEV.
Designing Gender in Social Media - Unpacking Interaction Design as a Carrier of Social NormsMer info
International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology 2014, 6 (2): 223-241.
In this paper we focus on interaction design as the practice of designing interactive and digital products, services, systems and/or environments. Of interest in the area of interaction design is people’s use of designed things, which also makes it relevant to relate interaction design to the social norms present in society, such as gendered norms. We present three different cases in which we have analyzed different aspects of interface design and put a specific focus on interaction design as a carrier of social and gendered norms. The first case concerns a qualitative study of how young girls interact with and present themselves in a photo blog website. The second case is a study of the way that young women entrepreneurs use the functionality of social media to mold an attractive online persona (an invented, or adjusted, character that one wants to put forward). The third case is based on a study of the development of the national youth counseling site in Sweden. By using the concepts of interference and social norms as analytic tools, we exemplify various ways in which social norms, such as gender norms, diversity, power relations, equality, marginalization, etc. are part of interaction design and how the interface design reinforces norms and provides a far from neutral arena. In this paper, gender is highlighted in relation to social norms and values in society and social expectations and hierarchies. On the basis of our findings from the three different cases, we argue that there is a need to unpack how digital design embeds gender norms and to demonstrate how the relationship between norms and design can be critically examined.
Hur de oppositionella norrlänningarna i Strängnäs tog makten - En studie i informella maktrelationerMer info
In: 5th Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative. Saarbrücken/Wadern : Dagstuhl Publishing.
Cognitive neurosciences have made significant progress in learning about brain activity in situatedcognition, thanks to adopting stimuli that simulate immersion in naturalistic conditions insteadof isolated artificial stimuli. In particular, the use of films in neuroscientific experiments, aparadigm often referred to as neurocinematics, has contributed to this success. The use ofcinematic stimuli, however, has also revealed a fundamental shortcoming of neuroimaging studies:The lack of conceptual and methodological means to handle the viewers' experience of narrativeevents in their temporally extended contexts in the scale of full cinematic narrative, not tomention life itself. In order to give a conceptual structure to the issue of temporal contexts,we depart from the neurophenomenological approach to time consciousness by neurobiologistFrancisco Varela, which in turn builds on Husserl's phenomenology of time. More specifically, wewill discuss the experience of narrative tension, determined by backward-looking conceptualizingretention, and forward-looking anticipatory protention. Further, this conceptual structure isbuilt into a preliminary mathematical model, simulating the dynamics of decaying and refreshingmemory traces that aggregates a retentive perspective for each moment of nowness, which in turnmay trigger anticipations for coming events, in terms of Varela and Husserl, protentions. Thepresent tentative mathematical model is constructed using simple placeholder functions, with theintention that they would eventually be replaced by models based on empirical observations onthe psychological capabilities that support narrative sensemaking. The final goal is a model thatsuccessfully simulates the way how the memory system maintains narrative tension beyond thetransient nowness window, and thereby allows mappings to observed brain activity with a richtemporal system of narrative contexts.
In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration. Piscataway, NJ, USA : IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC).
The aim of this study was to examine closer the conflicting results from previous studies concerning the relation- ship between Facebook use and self-esteem using the Facebook Intensity Scale and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (N = 107). In line with some previous studies, our data confirmed that there is a relationship between Facebook usage and self-esteem, but the applied scales allowed a more refined assessment of it. The results showed, after controlling for demographic variables, that participants with low Facebook intensity reported on average higher self-esteem than those who did not use Facebook or those with high Facebook intensity, while those with medium Facebook intensity had significantly higher self-esteem compared to the participants with high Facebook intensity. Future studies should address the underlying causal relations using a time-bound observation method.
The liability of politicalness - Legitimacy and legality in piracy-proximate entrepreneurshipMer info
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 2014, 22 (4): 408-425.
This article explores three entrepreneurial ventures that have evolved in proximity to online piracy. In reviewing the respective cases of Spotify, Skype, and The Pirate Bay, the argument outlines the radically divergent strategies with which the entrepreneurs have sought to legitimise their ventures and underlying technologies. The article concludes that: 1) the context of practices labelled ‘pirate’ are paradigmatic examples of fields in which entrepreneurs must work exceptionally hard to legitimise themselves; 2) in this context, it is crucial that the role of law is analytically isolated from the role of institutionalised legitimacy; 3) success in legitimisation is largely dependent upon the entrepreneur’s ability to demonstrate that the venture is governed by ‘the natural order’ of the economy. It is further argued that piracy-proximate ventures may contribute to the entrepreneurship field, inasmuch as they teeter on the border of being considered too disruptive, and thus suffer from a ‘liability of politicalness’.
Media Culture and Society 2014, : -.
This article argues for a revised importance of distance, besides the much emphasizedcloseness, in the debate on and use of ethnographic methods in online environments.When returning to the founding fathers of ethnographic methods, distance is often putforward as a core aspect of ethnographic methods, something widely forgotten, or evenrejected, in the current debate in the field. Space has been restructured by digital mediatechnologies, and the spatial and temporal proximity of digital media cultures presentnew challenges for research methodologies. Based on the author’s own experiences ofethnographic fieldwork in digital cultures, and with Henri Lefebvre’s theory of everydaylife as a rhythm as vantage point, it is here argued that distance, dialectically interlinkedwith closeness and proximity, should be given further attention in current research anddebate on ethnographic methods used online.
In: Critique of Cosmopolitan Reason. Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien : Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014. 1-34.
Global Media Journal 2014, 8 (1): 30-62.
The aim of this study is to examine what effect an extensive affirmative action programme has had on a group of black women in the South African media, and how they perceive how existing power structures affect their everyday experiences within their respective media companies. The empirical base is an interview study with eight black women who hold or held top editorial positions in South Africa. Drawing on Bourdieu’s field theory, the results suggest that there is an escape from journalism as other forms of symbolic capital have not managed to outweigh the negative capital of being a black woman in South African journalism.
New Media and Society 2014, : -.
People are spending increasingly more time on social media platforms, with Facebook being the biggest and most successful. Historically, media technologies have for long been considered of importance for the structuration and the experience of time in general. In this article, we investigate the technological affordances of Facebook for the temporal experiences of its users. Relying on a case study of a Facebook page dedicated to media memories, we link user experiences to technological and institutional affordances. By doing so, we seek to answer the question of how a business model and an infrastructure that largely build on immediacy and newness are experienced and negotiated by users that engage in a multiplicity of durations and time layers in their everyday lives. Drawing on a platform analysis, in-depth interviews and a survey among the users of the page “DT64—Das Jugendradio der DDR,” we develop the concept of “social media time” while considering notions of the archive, flow, and narrative, which contribute to shedding light on how specific media technologies afford specific temporalities. We conclude by discussing the consequences for the users and society at large.
In: Mediatization of Communication. Berlin/Boston : Mouton de Gruyter, 2014. 483-504.
Popular culture is often understood as being linked to mass media and therefore also implicated in the idea of mediatization. Here this is discussed in four main steps. (1) First, key problems in the concept of mediatization are illuminated, with popular culture as a testing ground: if there is always such a mediatization process going on; when (in which periods) this process is particularly intense and how it develops over time (gradually or in leaps); where (in which world regions) it can be located; how it has any effects (if it follows a relatively fixed logic or is more diffuse); and what it affects in terms of societal spheres and levels of practice. (2) Second, four main dimensions of the concept of culture are distinguished – cultivation, life forms, aesthetics, and signifying practice – all of which are found relevant to mediatization. As media are cultural technologies of communication, there is a close link between mediatization and culturalization. (3) Third, popular culture is similarly divided into four main meanings, defining it as mass culture, people’s culture, low culture, or illegitimized culture. (4) On this basis, examples illustrate how mediatization processes affect popular culture through four main phases, each linked to a new demarcation of popular culture itself: graphic mediatization of common culture, print mediatization of low culture, audiovisual mediatization of media culture, and digital mediatization of what again is becoming a more or less indistinguishable common culture. Popular culture frequently appears to be one of the most media-saturated spheres or fields of modern societies. It is sometimes even identified with media culture, for instance when contrasted with fine arts and folk handicrafts, and defined through its reliance on mass mediated texts disseminated by cultural industries to dispersed polymorphous audiences all over the globe. This closeness between popular culture and media processes poses a challenge for any effort to more precisely scrutinize whether there is any escalating increase in this kind of media presence, which would deserve to be labeled mediatization. In order to bring some clarity to this slightly paradoxical situation, it is helpful to first make some conceptual groundwork. This chapter will first analyze how the concepts of media and mediatization relate to culture and culturalization. Then, a similar discussion follows of popular culture, leading up to an effort to draft a provisional sketch of key steps in the mediatization history of popular culture. This will finally also make it possible to return to the initial definition of mediatization and reconsider its very basis.
In: 4th Annual International Conference on Business Strategy and Organizational Behaviour (BizStrategy 2014). Singapore : GSTF.
The health service industry is becoming increasingly internationalized. People are travelling increasingly longer distances for medical treatment. A new rapidly expanding medical tourism industry has emerged. For health service providers to compete they have to specialize and become more innovative. These innovative strategies are not limited to technical innovation, but also organizational- and service-related innovations. Treatment costs which influence the price paid for treatment are becoming a major factor influencing competition. We have looked at recent changes made within the European health care sector, to find evidence of a new innovative climate for the provision of medical treatment to patients. The emergence of Centers of Excellence is an example of responses to a new competitive climate in a global industry.