Kvalificerade och kreativa forskningsmiljöer som spänner över många discipliner och områden.
Vår forskning eftersträvar en hög samhälls- och samtidsrelevans i förening med ett aktivt och kritiskt förhållningssätt till det förflutna. Forskningen vid högskolan vänder sig i allmänhet ut mot världen även inom ämnen som av hävd studerar den egna nationella kulturen och historien. Ett viktigt ledord är mångvetenskap.
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Att ge eller inte ge återkoppling - - moldavisk callcenterpersonal i dialog med svenska uppringareMer info
Nordand 2014, 9 (1): 89-115.
En följd av globaliseringen är att allt fler människor kommunicerar på ett annat språk än de normalt använder i sin vardag. Med exempel från telefonsamtal mottagna vid ett utlokaliserat callcenter i Moldavien vill vi belysa en särskild utmaning för operatörerna, som har ett främmande språk – svenska – som sitt arbetsspråk. Med samtalsanalys av fråga-svarssekvenser analyseras i denna studie hur operatörerna ger återkoppling på den information de begär från uppringarna i så kallade tredjedrag. Uppringarna är personer i Sverige som beviljats färdtjänst på grund av funktionsnedsättning. Att återkoppling är minimal eller utelämnas helt är ett vanligt mönster i färdtjänstsamtal, men att en kvittering uteblir leder i vissa fall till att den tillfrågade blir osäker och tror att svaret behöver upprepas eller förtydligas. En förklaring till att tredjedrag utelämnas är strävan efter effektivitet. I denna artikel diskuteras otillräcklig interaktionell kompetens hos operatörerna, och skillnader i lokala samtalskulturer, som några andra tänkbara förklaringar.
Stockholm : Medievärlden, 2014. (Medievärlden Premium ; )
Valåret 2014 har inneburit att datajournalistik kommit igång på allvar inom desvenska medieföretagen. För att bli framgångsrik är fem områden centrala:datajournalistisk kompetens, nya organisatoriska lösningar på redaktionen,tillgång till data, användarupplevelsen och aff ärsmodellen.
Review of World Economics 2014, 150 (2): 277-308.
The gap between theoretically predicted trade patterns and actual trade suggests that our understanding of what shapes trade patterns is incomplete. Institutional barriers may be one factor behind this gap, and recent research suggests that institutions are a greater obstacle to trade than tariffs. Using detailed firm-level data, we analyze how institutional quality in recipient countries affects exports by Swedish firms. Our results suggest that weak institutions in recipient countries make exports to these countries less likely and that exports to countries with weak institutions are characterized by relatively short duration and small volume. Analyzing long-term trade flows, we identified a learning process where exporters become less dependent on institutional quality in the target economy over time. More specifically, in addition to previous research that emphasize learning related to knowledge about the contracting partner and rule of law, we extend this notion and show that there is also a learning process where firms acquire knowledge about the general business climate. When learning about the contractual partner and business institutions in recipients countries takes place, exports increase relatively quickly during the first 2 years of exports and thereafter levels out. Hence, firms that are initially sensitive to weak institutions, start small, and learn how to handle foreign institutions are likely to be most successful in maintaining long-term relationships with foreign markets.
The international trade journal 2014, 28 (2): 87-120.
Beckerman (1956) and Linder (1961) have suggested that international trade is not determined by supply-side factors alone—perceptions about foreign countries and country preferences matter. We explore the relation between exports, cultural distance, and country preferences in Europe. The results show that several distance and preference-related variables, based on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, income gaps, and voting patterns in the Eurovision Song Contest, are significantly related to bilateral trade. We conclude that cultural distance and preferences influence trade through several channels, both indirectly through transaction costs and more directly, as countries seem to prefer some trade partners before others.
Seglande halsgavelhus - om skulpturer på flöjtskepp i Sverige och Nederländerna under tidigmodern tidMer info
Historisk Tidskrift (S) 2014, 134 (3): 385-408.
Early Modern warships are sometimes compared to floating palaces. The sculptural decoration on their transoms, galleries and beakheads follow a carefully thought out symbolic language that aimed to legitimize royal ambitions and claims to power. But merchant ships also carried elegantly carved ornaments and figures. However, the message conveyed by these sculptures was different from that of contemporary warships. Among early modern merchant ships the so-called fluyts hold a prominent position. Originating in the Netherlands, thousands of more or less identical ships were built during the 1600s and ensuing centuries. But despite the large number of ships built, surprisingly little information about their decoration has survived in our time. In recent years, several archaeological investigations of fluyts, have been carried out in the Baltic Sea which has resulted in new knowledge about the ships. It has been found that the decoration of the fluyts, just as on contemporary naval vessels, follow a clear pattern. The ship´s home port was communicated by its city coat of arms. Ships’ names such as the White Swan, The Rose or Crescent as well as familiar characters from the Bible were also represented by sculptures on the ship´s transom. But the sculptures served not only a practical purpose. Like the contemporary warships, they expressed their owners’ ideology and societal ambitions. Fluyts should perhaps not be compared to floating palaces; they are rather a counterpart to the merchants’neck-gabled houses in cities like Amsterdam.In the Swedish context, the vessels appear as a kind of billboard for a Dutch attitude towards trade. This article aims to discuss the message communicated by the fluyts’ exteriors against this fond. How did these ships affect the urban environment in which they were moored?
Media International Australia 2014, 152 : -.
In post-liberalised India, the vast population is regarded as an enormous resource to be exploited as labourers, consumers or for their knowledge. A feature of the new media economy is that newspapers, mobile phones and TV shows are not exclusively produced for the better-off among an urban middle class and, furthermore, that the mass media are increasingly making use of ‘common people’ and their lives in a multitude of places as media content. The subject of this article is whether or not this obsession with the population should be urging us to rethink the Indian media landscape in analytical terms. ‘A public’, Michael Warner argues, is a reflexive relation among strangers, constituted by attention. If the Indian population is now addressed in various new ways, is it time to reconsider the old ‘truth’ that India is an unfit case for discussions about publics?
Post-Soviet nostalgia, generally understood as a sentimental longing forthe Soviet past, has penetrated deep into many branches of Russian popular culture in the post-1989 period. The present study investigates how the Soviet past has been mediated in the period between 1991 and 2012 as one element of a prominent structure of feeling in present-day Russian culture.The Soviet past is represented through different mediating arenas – cultural domains and communicative platforms in which meanings are created and circulated. The mediating arenas examined in this study include television, the Internet, fashion, restaurants, museums and theatre. The study of these arenas has identified common ingredients which are elements of a structure of feeling of the period in question. At the same time, the research shows that the representations of the past vary with the nature of the medium and the genre.The analysis of mediations of the Soviet past in Russian contemporary culture reveals that there has been a change in the representations of the Soviet past during the past twenty years, which roughly correspond to the two decades marked by the presidencies of Boris Yeltsin in the 1990s and of Vladimir Putin in the 2000s (including Dmitrii Medvedev's term, 2008–2012). The critical and reflective component that was present in representations of the Soviet past in the 1990s has slowly faded away, making room first for more commercial and then for political exploitations of the past. Building on Svetlana Boym's conceptual framework of reflective and restorative nostalgia, the present study provides an illustration of how reflective nostalgia is being gradually supplanted by restorative nostalgia.Academic research has provided many definitions of nostalgia, from strictly medical explanations to more psychological and socio-cultural perspectives. The present study offers examples of how nostalgia functions as a label in ascribing political and cultural identities to oneself and to others, creating confusion about the term and about what and who can rightly be called nostalgic.
Forms of Collectivity - George Simmel's Mass Theory and the Transformation of Social Philosophy in Weimar GermanyMer info
Alien Places in Late Soviet Science Fiction - The "Unexpected Encounters" of Arkady and Boris Strugatsky as Novels and FilmsMer info
This dissertation deals with how science fiction reflects the shift in cultural paradigms that occurred in the Soviet Union between the 1960s and the 1970s. Interest was displaced from the rational to the irrational, from a scientific-technologically oriented optimism about the future to art, religion, philosophy and metaphysics. Concomitant with this shift in interests was a shift from the future to an elsewhere or, reformulated in exclusively spatial terms, from utopia to heterotopia.The dissertation consists of an analysis of three novels by the Strugatsky brothers (Arkady, 1925-1991 and Boris 1933-2012): Inspector Glebsky’s Puzzle (Otel’ U pogibšego al’pinista, 1970), The Kid (Malyš, 1971) and Roadside Picnic (Piknik na obočine, 1972) and two films Dead Mountaineer’s Hotel (Hukkunud alpinisti hotell/ Otel’ U pogibšego al’pinista, Kromanov, 1979) and Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1980). The three novels, allegedly treatments of the theme of contact with an extraterrestrial intelligence, were intended to be published in one volume with the title Unexpected Encounters. The films are based on two of the novels.In the novels an earlier Marxist utopia has given way to a considerably more ambiguous heterotopia, largely envisioned as versions of the West. An indication of how the authors here seem to look back towards history rather than forward towards the future is to be found in the persistent strain of literary Gothic that runs through the novels. This particular trait resurfaces in the films as well. The films reflect how tendencies only discernable in the novels have developed throughout the decade, such as the budding Soviet consumer culture and the religious sensibilities of the artistic community.
The Sea of Identities - A Century of Baltic and East European Experiences with Nationality, Class, and GenderMer info
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2014.
The essays in this collection present research on national, class, and gender identities in the Baltic Sea Region and Eastern Europe being conducted by researchers based at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Stockholm. The contributors focus on transnational flow as they explore Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Lithuanian, Moldovan, Polish, Russian, and Swedish instances, and the region at large. The studies examine fluid identities in a historical perspective and show how notions of identity have been naturalised in specific contexts.This book is issued in conjunction with the fifteenth anniversary of the Swedish Institute of Contemporary History. By bringing to the public the most current findings in Baltic and East European studies and offering an overview of work done by the institute’s researchers, it hopes to demonstrate the fruitfulness of opening contemporary history to broader regional and transnational approaches.Dr Norbert Götz is professor of history at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Sweden.
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2014.
Bil- och containerbränder, stenkastning mot bussar, brand i en skola och en nedbrunnen restaurang. Så var läget i Botkyrka och Huddinge under några dagar i maj 2013. Det talades om kaos, ungdomsgäng, och attacker av högerextrema grupper. Det gjordes jämförelser med händelserna i Husby som startat två dagar tidigare. Civilsamhället reagerade snabbt och nattvandringar med föräldrar och andra vuxna organiserades. Myndigheternas krisberedskap var inte utvecklad och det hela uppfattades ibland som ”en blixt från klar himmel”. Poliskårens dubbla uppgift i form av närpolisens välvilliga kontakt och kravallstyrkornas repression väckte starka reaktioner som personal på ungdomsgårdarna fick hantera, och sedan uppmanades att inte tala om.Vilka lärdomar kan vi dra av dessa händelser? Hur kan begreppet ”förort” ge kunskap om civilsamhället i bred bemärkelse?I detta vittnesseminarium Brinner ”förorten”? berättar aktörer som var direkt inblandade vad de såg och hur de uppfattade händelserna på lokal nivå.
Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2014.
Amerikanen John Dewey är inte bara en betydelsefull filosof, utan framför allt är han en av det senaste århundradets allra mest inflytelserika pedagogiska tänkare. Även om hans omfattande författarskap inbegriper studier inom praktiskt taget samtliga filosofiska subdiscipliner var det inom det pedagogiska fältet han gjorde sina mest epokgörande insatser.Denna antologi består av elva artiklar som ur olika idéhistoriska, filosofiska och pedagogiska perspektiv behandlar Deweys idéer om demokrati, utbildning och tänkande. Sammantaget vittnar bidragen om både djupet och bredden i Deweys tänkande, liksom om hans stora aktualitet för dagens svenska utbildningsväsende. Han är en tänkare som fortfarande provocerar och utmanar.Medverkande författare är Ingrid Carlgren, Tomas Englund, Erik Hjulström, Anne-Marie Körling, Jonna Hjertström Lappalainen, Niclas Månsson, Eva Schwarz, Carl Anders Säfström, Ninni Wahlström, David Östlund, Leif Östman samt bokens redaktör Anders Burman.
Central European Journal of Communication 2014, 7 (2): -.
The Russian journalism has certain peculiarities based on deeply rooted traditions and state of the modern media system. It has developed a double professional culture; on the one hand it has been serving the state interests and on the other hand journalism has been a mission of enligthment and education in the tradition of the “intelligentia”. New technologies drastically affect media work. Since the mid of 2000s the introduction of social media challenged journalists’ role in society as well as professional practices and norms. This paper discusses an existence of pattern of using social media by Russian journalists based on historical roots and socio-cultural and political background.
The Journal of Media Innovations 2014, 1 (2): 75-96.
Multiskilling in a journalism context is not a case of “de-skilling” of the profession. There are problems related to the quality in newsrooms adapting multiskilling strategies, but in general multiskilling is more correctly defined as a re-skilling or an up-skilling. This is the conclusion from results of a survey of 1,500 journalists in Poland, Russia and Sweden, along with interviews with 60 journalists in these three countries. Multiskilling in journalism gives more room for creativity and more power to the individual journalist, according to those with experience of working as multi-reporters. It allows them more freedom to make their own decisions in their daily tasks, e.g., choosing subjects and stories. At the same time, from the perspective of the media company, multiskilling is a strategy to increase production in the newsrooms. But multiskilling has no direct correlation with downsized newsrooms: it is rather an industry norm for how to organize work in newsrooms of today. Multiskilling is also changing the journalistic culture, putting more focus on production and adapting content for different channels.
Journal of Print and Media Technology Research 2014, 3 (2): 107-118.
Professional journalistic culture is a complex of journalistic values, practices, norms and media products. On the one hand it tends to unification across the globe, but on the other hand these cultures varies according to cultural diversities. Technological development leads to a media convergence, increasing interactivity and plenty of opportunities for individualization of media content influence audience’s demands and consequently challenge of traditional routine of journalists’ work, affect professional practices and even undermine traditional role of a journalist in society. Social media creates new conditions for both actors: readers/viewers/listeners and for media professionals who use it as a tool for media work. Journalists in the different countries, however, use social media for professional needs not equally. This paper is discussing differences and similarities in the patterns of social media use by Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists. The research is based on a survey of 500 journalists in each country.
International Journal of the Commons 2014, 8 (2): 636-656.
Commons projects, such as community-based natural resource management, have widespread appeal, which has enabled them to shrug off a mixed performance in practice. This paper discusses how the theoretical assumptions of common pool resource (CPR) theory may have inadvertently contributed to the unfulfilled expectations of commons projects. The paper argues that the individual ‘rational resource user’, encapsulated in the CPR design principles, struggles to provide clear direction for meaningful consideration of local norms, values and interests in commons projects. The focus of CPR theory on efficiency and functionality results in a tendency in commons projects to overlook how local conditions are forged through relations at multiple scales. Commonly politically complex and changing relations are reduced to institutional design problems based on deriving the incentives and disincentives of ‘rational resource users. The corollary is that CPR theory oversimplifies the project context that it is seeking to change because it offers little or no direction to deal with the social embeddedness of resource use or implications of different stratifications.
Environment, Development and Sustainability 2014, : -.
The implications of the planetary boundaries (PBs) proposal involves scien- tiﬁc, moral and political dimensions. The core of the PBs idea is that humankind is transgressing global environmental tipping points resulting in changed conditions that threaten to unravel human progress. The growing status of the proposal potentially makes it a highly inﬂuential organising concept that seems to contain within it aspirations to dra- matically reconstitute the relationship between society and the environment—thereby transforming the politics of sustainable development. This paper situates PBs in contem- porary green thinking. Key planning events and related documents supporting the Post- 2015 Development Agenda process are then examined to identify strategies and reactions to the PB proposal. The ﬁndings show that divisions reminiscent of older North/South environment and development tensions related to the role of experts, democracy and the Right to Development threaten to prevent PBs from being mainstreamed in key UN environment and development programmes and fora.
In: Gender in Focus: (New) Trends in Media. Braga : University of Minho.
Since the 1960-s, when gender media studies originated, a special attention of gender media scholars has been paid to the different aspects of political communication. “Gendered mediation” (Gidengil and Everitt 1999), or “gendering”, of politicians and politics is considered to have a crucial influence both on the voter recognition of female and male candidates, and political participation of women and men. Scholars have provided potential reasons, which can explain the way women and men politicians, as well as the problem of the gender imbalance in political sphere are covered in political journalism (e.g. Braden 1996, Ross 2002, Falk 2008). Despite the media institution (its logic, organization, and individual characteristics of the media producers) being defined as the key “guilty party” of the patterns revealed by the scholars, journalists have remained silent producers of the assumed “gendered mediation”.This paper turns to the political journalists’ vision of the (gendered) media portrayal of politicians and politics. Its aim is to explore the reasons of gendering in quality press, as they are conceptualized by political journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in two different cultural and political contexts – in Russia and in Sweden. The choice of the cases is driven by the wish to define the similar and different elements in the journalists’ conceptions of the reasons of gendering in different political and cultural contexts, where the two cases work as an illustration of the global tendency of mediatization of politics.Based on the analytical framework suggested by Hanitzsch (2007), the paper turns to the journalists’ conceptions of gendering in relation to their concern of the professional norms and ethical standards, institutional roles, and epistemological beliefs. The concluding discussion links gendering as a component of the national culture of political journalism and the global tendency of mediatization of politics.
Gendernye reprezentatsii kak instrument privlecheniya chitatelej i reklamodatelej (na primere kachestvennoj pres... Mer info
In: Gender i SMI – 2013 [Gender and Media – 2013]. Moscow : Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University, 2014. 117-129.
В данной статье обсуждается использование гендерных репрезентаций какинструмента привлечения читателей и рекламодателей. На основании интервью с сотрудниками ряда качественных газет и журналов России и Швеции автор делает вывод о том, что гендерные репрезентации сознательно применяются журналистами и редакторами для обеспечения конкурентоспособности издания. Тем не менее, в разных контекстах «выигрышными» с точки зрения как привлечения аудитории, так и рекламодателей, оказываются различные гендерные репрезентации.
Umeå : Boréa Bokförlag, 2014.
In the seventeenth- and early eighteenth centuries, fluits were the most common type of merchant ship used in Baltic trade. Originally a Dutch design, the majority of all goods transported between Sweden and the Republic was carried on board such vessels. Far from all voyages reached their destination. Down in the cold brackish water of the Baltic, the preservation conditions are optimal, and several of these unfortunate vessels remain nearly intact today. Although thousands of more or less identical fluits were built, surprisingly little is known about the arrangement of space on board, their sculptural embellishment and other aspects that formed the physical component of everyday life on and alongside these ships. Fluits were a fixture in early modern society, so numerous that they became almost invisible. The study of wrecks thus holds great potential for revealing vital components of early modern life. Inspired by phenomenological approaches in archaeology, this thesis aims to focus on the lived experience of fluits. It sets out to grasp for seemingly mundane everyday activities relating to these ships, from the physical arrangements for eating, sleeping and answering nature’s call, to their rearrangement for naval use, and ends with a consideration of the architectonical contribution of the fluit to the urban landscape.
Duckface/Stoneface - The social semiotics and gendering of selfies among 10 to 13 year old pupils in four Swedish schools.Mer info
In: . : .
My paper is based on qualitative results and reflections taken from a recently published Swedish study on social media, gaming and image communication among 10 and 13 year old in four schools in Stockholm (N 146). In my paper I focus on image communication and discuss two visual genres that exploded with camphones and the growing access to mobile internet, that is Selfies (self portraits) and Ussies (with friends). Over a short period of time these and other visual camphone-genres have become part of our increasingly mediatized everyday life (Hjarvard 2013) and the personal publishing genres that develop through networked publics online (Boyd 2010).Selfies and Ussies also seem to be an unavoidable part of contemporary peer to peer gender socialization, inside and outside school, and in line with R.W Connell (2002) I see these as part of the appropriation of gender (R.W Connell 2002) through the performance of gender (Butler 1999). This agency means investments and explorations in contemporary gender identity; in close intersection with heteronormativity and age.In relation to this a discussion of selfies as representations of a dominant gender order is appropriate, but I want to expand this through social semiotics (Kress 2010) as these images not only depicts a person, represents gender norms, and function as vehicles in impression management online/offline, selfies can also be seen as a form of communicative action taking place in the context of what Villi (2012) calls a ‘visual chit chat culture, where the photo opportunity, and the occasion, as well as possible reactions and comments (likes etc.) also are a part of the visual pragmatics. I addition to this I find it fruitful to see smart phones as relational objects (Turkle 2012) and personal interfaces between life offline (f.x. in school) and life online within individualized networks (Raine & Wellman 2012) connected to a wider participatory media culture (Jenkins 2006). Around this a set of practices are formed, and these can be understood through phenomenological and sociological perspective, as presented by Couldry (2012) and Moores (2012).My paper centers on results from 26 focus group interviews and two workshops. My results on one hand show strong connections between selfies produced by tweens and teens and gender stereotypes and essentialist conceptions of gender. On the other hand the indicate practices of production, distribution and reception that partly undermines traditional gender categorizations.
In: . : .
“Our whorer of a King”. That was imprinted on coins that emerged around Sweden in the summer of 2012. This prank obviously played on widely spread rumors about the Swedish kings meetings with ‘coffee girls’ during private dinners with the Swedish (male) elites. The false coins impressed experts and left the media baffled. “The Royal Coin” became a prattle in mass media and social media during the summer news dry of 2012. Who was behind this? And, most important: what was The message? These false coins did not seem to be part of an ordinary counterfeit; rather it seemed to be some sort of anti royal statement. Soon speculations about its begetter turned towards the art world. The man behind this performance came forward in a press conference held during an avantgarde art fair in Stockholm in September 2012. It turned out that the architect behind this intriguing set up came from the PR-sector, and he stated that it could not reasonably be his responsibility to declare ‘the meaning of this piece, being, as he said, an ’amateur artist’. The press conference gathered hordes of journalists, but they did not get their main question answered (What was your aim/What was your purpose?). After a while the instigator fled his own press conference, leaving the journalist astound. The media system was short circuited, and what was to follow was the media systems ultimate punishment: Silence.In this paper I will discuss ‘The Royal Coin’ as a performance, with reference to previous works of artists who have used ‘The media’ and its logics as a studio and stage (think Warhol) for their artistic work. In my discussion I use concepts taken from Jean Baudrillard, such as non event and objective irony, to pinpoint this (among others) strategy for avant gard(ish) techniques as a form of media criticism in a non escapable hyper reality.
Stockholm : Statens Medieråd, 2014. ( ; )
I rapporten kartlägg ett stort antal aktörer som kan kopplas till medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK): departement, myndigheter, organisationer, intressesammanslutningar. Även public service och andra med verksamhet som avser informera, skydda och stimulera barn och ungas i deras medieanvändning tas upp. Några av rapportens huvudresultat är att det finns många aktörer inom MIK-området i dagens Sverige, att samordning och gemensamma begrepp saknas, och att det finns flera traditioner eller intresseorienteringar med delvis olikartade eller motsatta sätt att se på medier, barn, lärande. Ett spår i detta gäller digitalisering av skolan i syftet att modernisera och effektivisera undervisningen. En annan handlar om att skydda barn från mediers skadliga verkningar och risker förbundna med internet och sociala medier. Ytterligare en riktning har rötter i filmpedagogiskt tänkande och estetiska läroprocesser.
Duckface/Stoneface - Sociala medier, onlinespel och bildkommunikation bland killar och tjejer, i årskurs 4 och 7Mer info
Stockholm : Statens Medieråd, 2014. ( ; )
Rapporten Duckface/Stoneface redovisar bland närmare 150 barn i fyra stockholmsskolor i årskurs 4 och 7 gällande sociala medier, spel och bildkommunikation. Här ingår material från ett fyrtiotal intervjuer. Studien redovisar också två workshops. Rapportens utgångspunkter är genusteoretiska. Begrepp som performativitet och genustillägnelse, och teoretiker som Butler, Connell och Yvonne Hirdman är centrala. Detta kombineras med resonemang om medier som vardaglig praktik (Couldry) och sociosemiotiska perspektiv på bildkommunikation (Kress m.fl.). Rapporten visar hur barnens liv online och offline flätas samman genom smarta mobiler och andra medieting. Den visar också att det finns starka drag av genusbetingat isärhållande. Spel, sociala medier och bildkommunikation blir arenor för att tillägna sig genus genom ålders- och könsbunden socialisation.
In: Medie- och informationskunnighet i Norden. Göteborg : Nordicom, 2014. 107-116.
Artikeln presenterar grundtankarna bakom konceptet medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK) och de diskussioner och argument som förts fram av Unesco och andra gällande MIK. Artikeln argumenterar för vikten av ett bildningsperspektiv på MIK- frågor.
Radio för framtiden eller bildning i förfall? - Debatterna kring moderniseringen av tablåer och tilltal i Riksradions P1 1966-1986.Mer info
Presshistorisk årsbok 2014, : 71-84.
I början och mitten av 1980-talet fördes animerade debatter inom Sveriges Radio och i kommenterade press gällande omställningar av Riksradions kanalprofiler och programläggning. Främst handlade det om P1 och införandet av ”blockprogram” som God morgon Världen och ”journalistifieringen” av kulturprogram som Kulturnytt. På ett djupare plan gällde dessa debatter ett paradigmatiskt skifte i sättet att tänka och göra public service-radio. Det handlade om övergången från programbaserad och producentstyrd radio till kanalbaserad och tablåstyrd radio. I dessa diskussioner ställdes företagsstrategiska pragmatik (standardisering, kostnadseffektivitet, synergier etc.) mot den kreativa sidan av public service (originalitet) och centrala värdegrundsfrågor (bildning). I detta ställdes lyssnarsiffror och kanalprofileringar mot personlighet, variation och bildningsanspråk,
In: ICED 2014 Educational Development in a Changing World. : .
In our paper we present a pilot project were we introduce new students to read, write and search for academic texts. We assume an ‘academic literacies’ approach, where these activities are seen as social practices that have to be practically acquired in authentic, meaningful contexts within the disciplines, rather than in separate courses and other support structures.
Literacies for academic and professional purposes: Two collaboration projects with the University Library Mer info
In: . : .
Academic literacies among high school students and university students have been a highly discussed topic for several years in Sweden as well as other countries. Results of PISA show that high school students’ reading skills deteriorate and university teachers have given alarming reports on students’ decreasing abilities on the critical assessment of sources and academic writing. In Sweden the new curriculum for high schools sharpens the demands on students to develop a critical and scientific approach and a main learning outcome is that high school students shall ‘have the ability to critically examine and assess what they see, hear and read’ and that they ‘can use books, library resources and modern technology as a tool in the search for knowledge, communication, creativity and learning’ (Curriculum for the Upper Secondary School 2011, p. 8f). The new curriculum is also a concern for Higher Education (HE) since it is of great importance that high school students are well prepared for University studies. The fact that more heterogenous groups of students coming from different linguistic and socio-cultural contexts get access to HE, has meant that teachers need to design new pedagogical approaches that take socially situated circumstances into account. In this paper we will present two projects conducted at Södertörn University where the University Library has been involved in focusing both on students’ academic literacies and the connection between academic and professional practice. One project is an Introduction to academic writing and concerns new students. The other one concerns teacher candidates and aims to prepare them for their future professions as high school teachers. The purpose of this paper is to explore how the University Library can 2collaborate with other institutions to support students to develop academic literacies that are useful for both their studies and for their future professional practice.
Population genetic structure of crucian carp (Carassius carassius) in man-made ponds and wild populations in Sweden Mer info
2014, : -.
Although once popular prior to the last century, the aquaculture of crucian carp Carassius carassius (L. 1758) in Sweden gradually fell from favour. This is the first genetic comparison of crucian carp from historic man-made ponds in the Scandinavian Peninsula. The aim was to identify old populations without admixture and to compare the relationship of pond populations from different provinces in Sweden. In total, nine microsatellite loci from 234 individuals from 20 locations in varied parts of Sweden were analysed. The genetic distances of crucian carp populations indicated that the populations in the southernmost province of Sweden, Scania, shared a common history. A pond population in the province Småland also showed a common inheritance with this group. In the province Uppland, further north in Sweden, the population genetic distances suggested a much more complex history of crucian carp distributions in the ponds. The data showed that there are some ponds with potentially old populations without admixture, but also that several ponds might have been stocked with fish from many sources. © 2014 The Author(s).
Mischa Gabowitsch, Putin kaputt!? Russlands neue Protestkultur (Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2013) Mer info